How often do you watch a television show on TV and hear the words, rape, child abuse, or domestic violence. Chances are you have heard those words fairly frequently. But do you really know what those words mean? So often a word can have several definitions. Today we want to help spark your knowledge on the words we hear so frequently while working at SOS each day.
The State of Kansas provides the following definitions:
Family Violence: Any act or threatened act of violence, including any forceful detention of an individual that: (A) results or threatens to result in physical injury; and (B) is committed by a person against another individual (including an elderly individual) to or with whom such person- (i) is or was related by blood; (ii) is or was related by marriage or is otherwise legally related; or (iii) is or was lawfully residing.
Dating Violence: Violence committed by a person (A) who is or has been in a social relation of a romantic or intimate nature with the victim; and (B) where the existence of such a relationship shall be determined based on a consideration of the following factors: (i) the length of the relationship (ii) the type of relationship (iii) the frequency of interaction between the persons involved in the relationship.
Child Abuse: Any physical injury, physical neglect, emotional injury, or sexual act inflicted upon a child.
Child Physical Abuse: Infliction of physical harm or the causation of a child’s deterioration, and may include but shall not be limited to, maltreatment or exploiting a child to the extent the child’s health is endangered.
Child Sexual Abuse: Any contact or interaction with a child in which the child is being used for the sexual stimulation of the perpetrator, the child, or another person. Sexual abuse shall include allowing, permitting, or encouraging a child to engage in prostitution or to be photographed, filmed or depicted in obscene or pornographic material. Contact solely between children shall meet the criteria only if the contact also involves force, intimidation, difference in maturity, or coercion.
Domestic Violence: Includes felony or misdemeanor crimes of violence committed by a current or former spouse of the victim, by a person with whom the victim shares a child in common, by a person who is cohabitating with or has cohabitated with the victim as a spouse, by a person similarly situated to a spouse of the victim under the domestic or family violence laws of the jurisdiction receiving grant monies, or by any person against an adult or youth victim who is protected from that person’s acts under the domestic violence or family violence laws of the jurisdiction.”
Shelter: The provision of temporary refuge and supportive services in compliance with applicable State law (including regulation) governing the provision, on a regular basis, of shelter, safe homes, meals and supportive services to victims of family violence, domestic violence, or dating violence and their dependents.
Supportive Services: Services for adult and youth victims of family violence, domestic violence, or dating violence and dependents exposed to family violence, domestic violence, or dating violence, that are designed to (A) meet the needs of such victims of family violence, domestic violence, or dating violence and their dependents, for short-term, transitional, or long-term safety; and (B) provide counseling, advocacy, or assistance for victims of family violence, domestic violence, or dating violence and their dependents.
Stalking: Intentional, malicious and repeated following or harassment of another person and making a credible threat with the intent to place such person in reasonable fear for such person’s safety.
Rape as defined by the Uniform Crime Report is “The penetration, no matter how slight, of the vagina or anus with any body part or object, or oral penetration by a sex organ of another person, without the consent of the victim.”